Among allies in Asia, views of the U. Overall, opinions of the U. Views of the U. Across the 25 countries surveyed in the past two years, in 14 there was not a significant change in favorable views toward the U. In five countries, there has been an increase in positive sentiment toward the U.
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The biggest drop in views of the U. Among the three sub-Saharan African countries surveyed, views of the U. In South Africa, favorable opinions of the U. In Latin America opinions are mixed, with positive views of the U. In 10 of the countries surveyed, young people ages 18 to 29 are more favorable toward the U.
In addition to differences by age, there are also gender divides in some of the countries surveyed. In most cases, it is men that have a more favorable opinion of the U. Similar double-digit gaps exist between men and women in Australia, Sweden and Spain. Only in one country surveyed do women have a more favorable view of the U. Another consistent demographic difference on U. Israel stands out clearly as an example.
Nearly all Israelis who put themselves on the political right have a favorable opinion of the U. This percentage-point difference is the largest ideological divide in the survey. Those on the right are also more keen on the U. Similarly, the U. Across 25 countries where the question was asked, most say that the U. But shifts, especially in Europe, show that people are more critical of the civil liberties record under President Trump than under prior administrations. Europeans, along with Canadians and Mexicans, are the most skeptical that the U.
Poles, Hungarians and Italians buck the European sentiment, with more than half in each country saying the U. In the Asia-Pacific nations surveyed, most people think the U.
Australia is the exception, with about half saying that the U. There has been a notable decline in European faith that the U. In fact, among the 10 European countries surveyed, in all but Greece there has been a significant decline in those saying the U. Looking back over the past few years, far fewer people across the countries surveyed say the U. In fact, in 17 of the countries surveyed in both and , there has been a significant downward shift in the share saying the U. Only one country, Tunisia, has seen an improvement.
Views on whether the U. The shift began in the sixth year of the Obama administration, after the National Security Agency spying scandal , but it has accelerated this past year. Since , there has been a large increase in sentiment across these five countries that the U. When it comes to U.
The view that the U. In the Asia-Pacific region, opinion is more evenly divided between those who say the U. In Indonesia and the Philippines, the prevailing view is that the level of U. Israel is the most convinced that the global role of the U. In the three Latin American countries surveyed, roughly half or more say that U.
Views of American involvement in global solutions differ greatly depending on expressed confidence in President Trump. In 17 of the 25 countries surveyed, people who do not trust Trump to do the right thing in world affairs are significantly more likely than those who have confidence in him to say that the U. In fact, majorities across Europe, and in neighboring Canada and Mexico, say that the U.
Three-fourths of South Koreans say Washington does not consider their interests. Only in Israel, the Philippines, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa do half or more say that the American government takes into account their interests a great deal or fair amount when making foreign policy decisions. Since the question was last asked in , 14 of the countries surveyed have seen significant declines in the share of people who say the U. The biggest decline has been in Germany, where half in said the U. But these new houses in IJburg are different because they are very visibly not boats.
They are houses. A Dutch saying goes, "God created the world but the Dutch created Holland. That may have been a mistake, says Koen Olthuis, the founder of the Waterstudio in Rijswijk, an architectural bureau specifically devoted to designing buildings on water. We are here now in a part of Holland where we shouldn't be.
It's man-made," Olthuis says. A much better solution would be to simply build floating houses, or even whole floating neighborhoods instead. The technology used to build houses on water is not really new. Whatever can be built on land can also be built on water.
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The only difference between a house on land and a floating house is that the houses on water have concrete "tubs" on the bottom, which are submerged by half a story and act as counter-weight. To prevent them from floating out to sea, they are anchored to the lakebed by mooring poles.
As sea levels are rising globally, many cities around the world are under threat from water. Some areas are projected to disappear completely in the next few decades. Therefore, designing houses to float may, in some instances, be safer than building on land and risking frequent floods.
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He believes that water shouldn't be considered an obstacle, but rather a new ingredient in the recipe for the city. Floating houses are not only safer and cheaper, but more sustainable as well. Because such a house could more readily be adapted to existing needs by changing function, or even moving to a whole new location where it can serve as something else, the durability of the building is much improved. Olthuis compares this to a second-hand car: "By having floating buildings, you're no longer fixed to one location. You can move within the city, or you can move to another city, and let them be used and used again.
Houses built on land are very static, while on water it's possible to add, take away, or easily change parts.
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And communities built on water can be constructed more densely, which would allow for more efficient energy use. Water allows houses and even whole cities more flexibility, and, for Olthuis, it's this characteristic that makes it such a fascinating element. He sees the use and incorporation of water as the next logical step in the evolution of cities. Cities are not unlike brands , and the ones with a lot of water would be the most flexible, and therefore the most desirable. This branding is already visible in many regions around the world: Think of Los Angeles as the city of movies, New York as the city for writers.
Blue cities, or cities that can utilize the water, would also be the cities that would attract residents. But Olthuis goes one step further. He imagines cities that can quickly change, depending, for example, on the season. In the summer, they could be open to allow the collection of sun energy, and in the winter they could huddle closer together for warmth and energy preservation.
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He also prefers to talk about functions, or modules, rather than actual buildings. You're going to load functions to your neighborhood on the water, and if you need new functions, you take them out and you reload them with other profiles," he imagines. Cities of the future will share certain functions, like, for example, museums, stadiums, or other facilities.
Incorporating water into the cities will also introduce more equality, says Olthuisk, referring to a principle known as "the democracy of water. In IJburg itself, around 30 percent of the houses are earmarked for this very form of government assistance. People of various nations, races, religions, and ethnicities live on the island.